Scientific Research in Homeopathy

Triple Blind Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial, Systematic Reviews and Meta Analysis, Evidence-base, Body of Evidence

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Abstract

Upto the end of year 2010, there have been 299 studies published in 114 medical journals (92 integrative, 9 homeopathy and 13 CAM journals) including 11 meta-analysis, 8 systematic reviews including 1 cochrane review (out of approximately 20 systematic reviews published) and 81 RCT (68 DBRPCT + 2 SBRPCT + 6 DBRCT + 1 RPCT + 4 RCT) out of approx 225 RCT published) in evidence of homoeopathy to produce significant to substantial health benefits in a wide array of health conditions.

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URL Links to 279 studies (Journal-wise) including 171 FULL TEXT papers are available as compendium on this webpage in Section-A from B to F. Among those 171, 155 are available as PDF which can be viewed at or downloaded from Google Drive, and 57 are also available at Scribd

The compendium is prepared by mining 14 online electronic databases: PubMed Central (National Library of medicine, USA), MedWorm, British library Direct (type homeopathy in search box), Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (type homeopathy in search box), Scirus, Google Scholar,HomBRex,The Allied and Complementary Medicine Database,Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial,Embase,Science Citation Index,Lilacs and CAM QUESTand Clinical Outcome Research in Homeopathy (http://www.carstens-stiftung.de/core-hom/login.php)

Exclusion Criterion (Which studies are not included?)

1. Studies on Plants and Animals

2. Statistically non-significant studies (Probability value<0.05, odds ratio >1 indicates statistical significance)

3. Non-peer reviewed studies from year 1893 onwards

4. Studies published in non-journal paper

5. Studies in which combination of homeopathic medicine with any other medicine is prescribed

6. Studies in which medicine is perceived to be homeopathic but is not such as radionically prepared or different potencies of same medicine mixed together

CONTENTS: Section-A

A. Understanding Evidence

B. Basic Fundamental Research [47 studies]

C. Super-Avogadro Dilution Research [18 studies]

D. Research Models (1983-2010) [22 studies]

E. Drug Development

E1. Homeopathic Pathogenetic Trials/Drug Provings (1988-2010) [9 studies]

E2. Drug Standardisation [3 studies]

F. Clinical Research

F1. Meta Analysis (1991-2010) [11 studies] and Systematic Reviews (2000-2010) [8 studies] of RCTs

F2. Triple-Blind Randomised Placebo Controlled Trial [1 study]

F3. Double-blind Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial (1980-2010) [68 studies]

F4. Double-blind Randomised Controlled Trial (other-than-placebo [active non-homeopathic intervention)controlled] (1998-2009) [6 studies]

F5.Single-blind Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial [2 study]

F6.Randomised Placebo- Controlled Trial (RPCT) [1 study]

F7. Randomised Controlled Trial (1983-2009) [4 studies]

F8. Double-blind Placebo-Controlled Trial (1996-2008) [4 studies]

F9. Double-Blind Studies (1943-2010) [3 studies]

F10. Primary Health Care Studies (Observational/Cohort/Pilot Studies) [97 studies]

F11. Review Articles (other thsn systematic reviews) (2005-2010) [12 studies]

G. Table: Distribution of Studies

H. List of 114 Journals

I. Lives saved by Homeopathy in Epidemics and Pandemics

J1. Animal Studies (Veterinary Homeopathy)

J2. Plant Studies

K1. Significant Years of Research

K2. Books on research in Homeopathy

L1. Potency Selection

L2. Discussion Forums

Section-B

A. Genetic Research

B1. Identification of homeopathic medicines (to distinguish one homeopathic medicine from the other) [4 techniques]

B2. To distinguish homeopathic medicine from the solvent/control [5 techniques]

C. Applied Research in specific medical condition

D: Comparison with Con-Med and Placebo

D1. Homeopathy superior to ConMed [17 studies]

D2. Homeopathy cost-effective than ConMed [3 studies]

D3. Homeopathy equals Con-Med [10 studies]

D4. Homeopathy superior to placebo [88 studies]

E: Outcome Studies

E1. Homeopathy improving quality of life [7 studies]

E2. Safety Profile of Homeopathic Medicines

E3.Homeopathy cost-effective than ConMed [3 studies]

F. in-vitro evidence of homeopathy [28 studies]

G. Research Papers on Combination Remedies [52 studies]

SECTION-A

B. BASIC FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH

1.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Thermodynamics of extremely diluted aqueous solutions (1999) FULL TEXT // Successive dilutions and sucussions may alter permanently the physical-chemical properties of the solvent water

2.Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

New Physico-Chemical Properties of Extremely-Diluted Aqueous Solutions (2004) FULL TEXT // The procedure of dilutions and succussions is capable of modifying in a permanent way the physico-chemical features of water.

3. Journal of Solution Chemistry

New Physico-Chemical Properties of Extremely Dilute Solutions. A Conductivity Study at 25 °C (2008) FULL TEXT // electrical conductivity increases as potency increases. Sucussion may form dissipative structures https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0b69JqzK_44aWJqSFlmVnhQNHI4WlBseW50YkhRU3J3X3Iw/edit

4.IETE Journal of Research

Software for measuring physiological variability (2008) FULL TEXT

5. Perspective in Public Health

Is Homeopathy Possible? (2006) FULL TEXT

6. Materials Research Innovations

The structure of liquid water (2005) FULL TEXT

7. Human and Experimental Toxicology

Postconditioning hormesis and the homeopathic Similia principle: Molecular aspects (2010) //scientific evidence of ‘principle of similars’

8. Water Journal

Domains of Water Molecules Provide Mechanisms of Potentization (2010) FULL TEXT

9.Homeopathy

Double-blind Placebo-controlled homeopathic patho-genetic trials (2006) FULL TEXT

Proving and therapeutic experiments in the HomBRex basic homeopathy research database (2007)

nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy on Kalium bichromicum (2008) FULL TEXT // 3c differs from 4c

Placebo effect size in placebo-controlled clinical trials of individualised homeopathy are same as that of conventional trials (2010) FULL TEXT

Nux vomica and Calendula have significant effect on gene expression (2010) FULL TEXT

Solitons (2005) FULL TEXT //duration of memory is 10 minutes

Dissipative structures in extremely dilute aqueous solutions (2007) FULL TEXT

Can low-temperature thermoluminescence cast light on the nature of ultra-high dilutions? (2007) FULL TEXT //Low temperature thermo-luminesence involves freezing water to the temperature of liquid nitrogen, bombarding it with x- or γ rays, then warming it, whereupon it emits a characteristic glow.

Effect of dielectric dispersion on potentised homeopathic medicines (2010) //homeopathic medicines when subjected to variable frequency electric field shows dielectric dispersion

Complexity science and homeopathy: a synthetic overview (2003) FULL TEXT

The defining role of structure including epitaxy in the plausability of homeopathy (2007) FULL TEXT

Distinguishing Natrum Mur 30 from water by High voltage plasma (2008)// electrical impedance of Natrum Mur 30c differ from water

Delayed luminescence of high homeopathic potencies on sugar globuli (2008) FULL TEXT

Medicines beyond 12C retains nano-grams of fine nano-particles of original starting material (2010) FULL TEXT

Rhus Tox 6c, 30c, 200c, 1M stimulates phagocytosis, candidacidal activity and chemotaxis of poly-morpho-nuclear cells (2009) // in vitro

10.Evidence-based Complimentary & Alternative Medicine

Dynamized Preparations in Cell Culture (2009) FULL TEXT //Carcinosinum 200C,Conium,Lycopodiumactivates beneficial gene p53 which provides defense against tumour/cancer

11. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Variation in Fourier transform infrared spectra of homeopathic potencies (2005) FULL TEXT // FTIR spectra of Nux Vomica 30c, Lycopodium 30c, Santonin 30c, Cina 30c distinguishes from solvent, sugar globule soaked in homeopathic medicine retains its specific spectral absorption properties

Cadmium 15c-20c exhibit a biologic effect on cell cultures of normal primary lymphocytes (2006) // in vitro

12. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

The similia principle as a therapeutic strategy: a research programme on stimulation of self-defense (1997) FULL TEXT //scientific evidence of ‘principle of similars’

13. Clinical and Developmental Immunology

Traummel S activates immunocytes (2004) FULL TEXT

14. Subtle Energies and Energy Medicine

Homeopathic Potencies Identified By A New Magnetic Resonance Method (2006)// two methods: modified photomultiplier method, tesla coil method

15. Journal of Molecular Liquids

High dilutions of histamine distinguishable using NMR (2009)

16.Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences

Nanostructures in highly diluted biological samples of bacteria and virus DNA sequence produces electro-magnetic signals (2009) FULL TEXT

17. Physica A

Low temperature Thermo-luminescence of ultra-high dilutions of lithium chloride 15c & Natrum Mur 15cusing heavy water (2003) FULL TEXT // distinguishing one homeopathic medicine from another,the emitted light wasspecific of the original salts dissolved initially

18. Complementary Therapies in Medicine

“Potentized homeopathic drugs act through regulation of gene expression (1997) // homeopathic substances have the capacity to interact with the genetic blueprint and deliver their benefits by increasing the expression of genes that synthesise health promoting proteins i.e. homeopathic medicines activate genes. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965229997800908

19. L’ Homéopathie française

The action of Belladonna and Ferrum phosphoricum on the chemiluminescence of polynuclear neutrophils (1983) // Belladonna and Ferrum phosphoricum in 5c potency significantly inhibits the release of oxygenated free radicals involved in the initiation and maintenance of inflammatory phenomena.

20. British Homoeopathic Journal

Belladonna, Hepar sulphur, Pyrogenium, Silicea and Staphylococcin in Mother Tincture modifies the white blood cell movement (1982) // in vitro

Managanum phosphoricum 6x, Acidum malicum 4x and Acidum fumaricum 4x regulate the oxidative metabolism and adhesion function of human neutrophils (1993) // in vitro

21.Arzneimittelforschung

Homeopathic medicines in 1X to 30X potencies enhanced the phagocytic activity of granulocytes (1986) // in vitro & in vivo

22.Phytotherapy Research

Combination of Aconitum and lachesis in 1X potency enhanced the phagocytic activity of granulocytes upto 390% (1994) // combination remedy

23.Histology and Histopathology

Scanning electron microscopy to investigate the structure of platelets of HIV patients treated with Canova (2009) // combination remedy

24.Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde

Effect of homeopathic plant extract solutions on the cell proliferation of human cutaneous fibroblasts (2003) // in vitro

25.Inflammation research

Zeel comp. N as well as its individual ingredients (Arnica montana, Sanguinaria canadensis and Rhus toxicodendron) inhibits the production of Leukotriene B4; Solanum dulcamara Q inhibits the production of Prostaglandin E2 (2004) FULL TEXT // anti-inflammatory, combination remedy, in vitro https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0b69JqzK_44YWRseHVvNnYyNXlqOUxmYUh1UXBMNHJsLW04/edit

26. Integrative Cancer Therapies

Effect of Sabal serrulata on prostate cancer growth (2006) // in vitro

27. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Hepeel prevented cadmium chloride-induced cell death in liver cells (2009) // China Q and Nux moschata Q protected against loss of glutathione and lipid peroxidation. Carduus marianus Q demonstrated anti-apoptotic effects. in vitro, combination as well as single

Hahnemann’s Contribution

28. Zeitschrift für Praktischen Medizin

An essay on a new principle for ascertaining the curative powers of drugs & some examinations of the previous principle,volume 2, parts 3 & 4, pages 391-439 & 465-561, Germany, 1796 // He came up withPrincipleof similars:Like cures like

29. Allgemeiner Reichsanzeiger

Spirit of the Homoeopathic Doctrine of medicine , vol. 2, Mar. 1813 // He said Man is a “biological whole”. No single part by itself represents the human being nor can manifest itself independently [from the others] [20].

30.The British Journal of Homoeopathy


Appeal to Thinking Philanthropists Respecting the Mode of Propagation of the Asiatic Cholera, 20 pages, 1831, republished in The British Journal of Homoeopathy , Oct 1849, Translated by R E Dudgeon, M.D. in
The Lesser Writings of Samuel Hahnemann, 1851 edition, B Jain Publishers, reproduced edition, 2002, p. 758

C. SUPER-AVOGADRO DILUTION RESEARCH
(Dilutions beyond Avogadro number/High Dilutions)


1.Complementary Therapies in Medicine

The in vitro evidence for an effect of high homeopathic potencies—A systematic review (2007) FULL TEXT // 73% of 67 in-vitro experiments published in 75 publications showed specific effects with high dilutions including 68% of high quality experiments (SAPEH score>=6)

Homeopathy, sensation of well-being and CD4-levels (1998) // homeopathy improves sensation of well-being, provided evidence of ultra-high dilutions and may affect CD4 levels

2. Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences

Nanostructures in highly diluted biological samples of bacteria and virus DNA sequence produces electro-magnetic signals (2009) FULL TEXT

3.Material Letters

Ultra dilute solutions have remarkable biological properties (2008) FULL TEXT //ultra-dilutions, like homeopathic remedies, do indeed contain stable and unique molecular structures with recognizable properties

4. Physica A

Low temperature Thermo-luminescence of ultra-high dilutions of lithium chloride 15c & Natrum Mur 15cusing heavy water (2003) FULL TEXT // distinguishing one homeopathic medicine from another,the emitted light wasspecific of the original salts dissolved initially

5.Nonlinear Biomedical Physics

Influence of diluted mediators on fungal laccase activity (2009) FULL TEXT // bi-phase action, in vitro & in vivo

6. Journal of Molecular Liquids

High dilutions of histamine distinguishable using NMR (2009) FULL TEXT

7. Homeopathy

Medicines beyond 12C retains nano-grams of fine nano-particles of original starting material (2010) FULL TEXT

Delayed luminescence of high homeopathic potencies on sugar globuli (2008) FULL TEXT

Distinguishing Natrum Mur 30 from water by High voltage plasma (2008)// electrical impedance of Natrum Mur 30c differ from water

Individualised Homeopathy for treatment of symptoms of oestrogen withdrawal in breast cancer patients (2003) // n=45, Primary symptoms such as hot flushes,Primary symptoms changed from 7.8 to 5.4, and from 7.2 to 4.1 (p<0.001)

8. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Gas Discharge Visualization Evaluation of Ultramolecular Doses of Homeopathic Medicines (2003) // distinguishing homeopathic medicine from solvent using Bio-Electro-graphy: Dynamic Electrophotonic Capture

9. Subtle Energies and Energy Medicine

Homeopathic Potencies Identified By A New Magnetic Resonance Method (2006) //two methods: modified photomultiplier method, tesla coil method

10. Medical Hypothesis

Biomathematical modeling for diluted drugs (2003) FULL TEXT http://www.neohahnemannism.com/Neohahnemannism_files_files/Biomathematical%20model.pdf

11.Journal of Head Trauma and Rehabilitation

Homeopathic treatment of mild traumatic brain injury(1999) // n=60, t=4 months, individualised (1 of 18 ) medicine (super-avogadro), Patients rated improvement of symptoms severity score as 0.40±0.57 in homeop. patients and 0.13±0.39 in placebo patients, a significant improvement in functional assessment in favour of homeopathy, OR=1.98 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10671699

Hahemann’s Contribution

12.Zeitschrift für Praktischen Medizin

Cure and prevention of scarlet fever, 1801 // His discovery of the prophylactic properties of Belladonna in scarlet fever. His dose: 1/24,000,000 i.e. 0.0416 nanograms of Belladonna, to repeat the dose every 72 hrs. This is the first recorded nano dose of medicine used in treatment of any disease. Thus Hahnemann can be attributed as The Father of Nano Medicine

On the Power of Small Doses of Medicine in General and of Belladonna in Particular “, Vol. 13, part 2, p. 153-159, Jan. 1801.

discussions:

http://lkm.fri.uni-lj.si/xaigor/slo/znanclanki/instrumental.htm (1999) FULL TEXT // kali Iodide

http://www.high-dilutions.net/VersionAn

http://www.homeorizon.com/homeopathic-articles/homeopathic-researches/homeopathic-dilution-and-potency

nano-phase potencies

E1. HOMEOPATHIC PATHOGENETIC TRIALS/DRUG PROVINGS

1.Homeopathy

Double-blind Placebo-controlled homeopathic patho-genetic trials (2006) FULL TEXT

Chelidonium majus 6c produced changes in blood globulin in healthy provers (1989)

Reproving of Cantharis 30c: blinded randomised placebo-controlled trial (2004) n=11

Reproving of Plumbum metallicum 30c: DBRPCT (2005)

2.Forschende Komplementarmedizin

Homeopathic patho-genetic trials produce specific symptoms different from placebo (2009) FULL TEXT // homeopathy differs from placebo

3. Trials

Protocol for a phase 1 homeopathic drug proving trial (2010) FULL TEXT

4. Journal of Psychopharmacology

Homeopathic pathogenetic trials produce more specific than non-specific symptoms (2008) //double-blind placebo-controlled study, homeopathic ozone

5. British Homoeopathic Journal

Iodum 12x produced changes in blood electrolyte and thyroid harmone in healthy provers (1988)

Effect of Strophantus Hispidus 30c on heart rate variability (1999) // n=10, single-blind

E2. DRUG STANDARDISATION

1. Ancient Science of Life

Pharmacognostic studies of Thuja (1999) FULL TEXT

Physico-chemical profile of Bixa and Lawsonia (2001) FULL TEXT

2. Homeopathy

Ethanol concentrationin the preparation of mother tinctures of vegetable origin (2002)

F2. TRIPLE-BLIND RANDOMISED PLACEBO CONTROLLED TRIAL

1.Journal of Psychosomatic Research

Efficacy of individualised homeopathic treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome (2004) FULL TEXT //n=93, t=6 months, homeopathy significantly improved function and fatigue compared to placebo, p=0.04 Weak but equivocal evidence that the effects of homeopathic medicine are superior to placebo, OR=1,47, Jadad score=5 https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0b69JqzK_44MzR1Y1ZXQlgyRXJpeEQ3OHJsYk1XWl8xdjEw/edit

F3.DOUBLE-BLIND RANDOMISED PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL

1. Lancet

Grass Pollens in 30c potency vs placebo for hay fever (1986)// n=144, Symptoms severity (VAS) decreased 17.2±28.8 mm in homeop. patients and -2.6±33.6 mm in placebo patients, p=0.018 in favour of homeopathy, Linde Quality=5

Is evidence for homoeopathy reproducible? (1994) //potentised allergans in 30c potency on 28 allergic asthma patients does more than placebo, Symptoms severity (VAS) decreased 7.2±3.2 mm in homeop. patients and -7.8±3.0 mm in placebo patients, severity of symptoms (p=0.003), vital capacity (p=0.03), Jadad score=4, Linde Quality=5

2. International Journal of Oncology

Ruta 6 induces cell deaths in brain cancer cells: A novel treatment for human brain cancer (2003) FULL TEXT // ruta 6c in combination with calarea phos 3x, in vitro and in vivo

Cytotoxic effects of ultra-diluted remedies on breast cancer cells (2010) FULL TEXT // in-vitro study: Carcinosin 30c, Phytolacca Decandra 200c, Conium 3c and Thuja 30c caused death of 5000 MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231breast cancer cell lines in the laboratory for periods of between 1 to 4 days (experiment repeated 3 times), similar to the effect of chemotherapy, but without affecting normal cells.Carcinosin and Phytolacca—achieved up to an 80% response indicating that they caused cancer cell death. By comparison, placebo solvent achieved only 30%. The effects of Carcinosin and Phytolacca were as powerful as Paclitaxel (Taxol)

3.Rheumatology

Improved Clinical Status in Fibromyalgia patients treated with homeopathic remedies Vs Placebo (2004) FULL TEXT // n=53, t=3months, individualised41 remedies in LM potency, significant fewer tender points compared to placebo, 25% improvement in tender point pain on palpation (p=0.008), improvement in Fibromyalgia score (P<0.05) and Global health rating (p<0.05), improvement in McGill Affective pain score compared to placebo (p<0.01), significant improvement in quality of life and depression, Jadad score=5, SIGN=GOOD

4.Chest

Kali bichromicum 30C for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in critically ill patients in ICU (2005) FULL TEXT // n=50,5 globules of homeopathic medicine or placebo twice daily, significantly less tracheal secretions at day 2 (p<0.0001 in favour of homeopathy) and significantly less stay in ICU (p<0.0001 in favour of homeopathy)

5. British Medical Journal

Rhus Tox 6c thrice daily vs placebo for fibrostis (1989) FULL TEXT // fibromyalgia (earlier known as fibrositis) (Pain & Inflammation in muscles,n=30, non-individualised study, RT given thrice daily, significant fewer tender points compared to placebo (p<0.005), improvement in pain and sleep compared to placebo (p=0.0052), Therapeutic success was observed in 11/30 homeopathy patients and 4/30 in placebo group, this study got replicated in above rheumatology journal (2004), Jadad score=4, Linde Quality=3

Potentised Allergan 30c Vs Placebo in allergic rhinitis (2000) FULL TEXT // n=51,inhalant Allergan 30c, Mean nasal inspriatory peak airflow improved by 21 % in homoepathic patients and 2 % in placebo patients, Jadad score=5, “It may be time to confront the conclusion that homeopathy and placebo differ..”

6. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Oscillococcinum 200c in the treatment of influenza (1989) FULL TEXT //(n=487, 237 treated and 241 on placebo), if taken twice daily for 5 days significantly increased the rate of cure within two days, absence of symptoms at 48 hours, relative risk estimate significantly favour homeopathy (p=0.048), no pain and no fever (p=0.048), recovery rate (headache, stiffness, articular pain, shivering reduction) at 48 hours better in homeopathy group (p=0.032)

Homeopathic therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (1980) FULL TEXT //n=43, t= 3months, significant relief in 19/23 (82%) homeopathy patients and 5/23 (21%) placebo patients, individualized medicine, Linde OR=10.85

7.Phlebology

“Complementary Treatment of Varicose Veins: A Randomised, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind Trial” Edzard Ernst, T. Saradeth, K.L. Resch, 1990, 157-163.

Three doses of a poikien (combination remedy of eight homeopathic medicines)were given to 61 patients daily for 24 days. Measures were venous filling time, leg volume, and subjective symptoms. The study found that venous filling time improved in those given the homeopathic medicines by 44%, while it deteriorated in the placebo group by 18%. Other measures also had significant differences.Linde OR=2.6 in favour of homeopathy, Linde Quality=1

8. British Journal of Podiatry

Ruta Graveolens 30C for the treatment of pain in plantar fasciitis (foot) (2000) // n=14

9.European Journal of Paedretics

Lycopodium, Calcarea Carbonica, Sulphur, Belladonna, Causticum and Phosphorous forAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (2005) FULL TEXT // individualised medicine (LM potency), crossover study, 63 of 83 children (6-16 years) responded to homeopathy, those 63 were then randomised to receive either homeopathic medicine or placebo for 6 weeks, homeopathy found significantly superior to placeboin behavioural and cognitive functions in 10 days, p<0.0001, CGI Index improved by 63% in the long-term follow-up in 53/63 patients, SIGN=good, Jadad score=5

10. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery

Effect of Homeopathic Arnica montana on Bruising in Face-lifts (2006) FULL TEXT// n=129, Arnica every 8 hours for 4 days post-operation, significant difference in favour of homeopathy on day 1 (p<0.005) and day 7 (p<0.001), sign level=1-

11. BMC Cancer

TRAUMEEL S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in cancer patients (2001) FULL TEXT // n=15, age=3-25 years,symptom severity as 10.4 in homeop. patients and 24.3 in placebo patients, p<0.01

12.Applied Health Economics & Health Policy

Sinfrontal (Cinnabaris 4X, Ferrum Phos 3X, etc) in the treatment of maxillary sinus (sinus + tooth pain) (2009) // ENT and respiratory tract infections

13.Pediatrics

Treatment of acute childhood diarrhea with individualised homeopathic medicine (1994) FULL TEXT // n=81,18 different remedies in 30C potency, one dose after every unformed stool for 5 days: Podophyllum, Chamomilla, Arsenicum album, Calcarea carbonica, sulphur, Mercurius vivus, Pulsatilla, Phosphorus, China, Gambogia, Aethusia, aloe, belladonna, Bryonia, Colchicum, Croton tiglium, Dulcamara, Nux vomica, significant effect for duration of diarrhea (p=0.048) and number of daily unformed stools (p<0.05) compared to placebo , Time to normal stools was 3.0±1.9 d in homeop. patients and 3.8±1.7 d in placebo patients, Jadad score=5, Linde Quality=5

14. Journal of Dermatological Treatment

Homoeopathic treatment of leg ulcers (1997) //n=53, t=4.2 weeks, Sulphur 6, Silicea 6 and Carbo Veg 6, Ulcer size improved 58.7±44.5 % in homeop. patients, 10.3±42.7 % in placebo patients and -4.6±89.1 % in untreated patients

15. The Science of the total Environment

Arsenicum Album 30C for arsenic toxicity: Evidence-based findings (2007) FULL TEXT //n=43, 18 untreated, 22 on homeopathy an 17 on placebo

16. Annals of Pharmacotherapy

Treatment of allergic rhinitis with potentised allergan in 30c potency and placebo(2005) // n=34, t=4 weeks, Jadad score=5

17. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing

Sinfrontal vs placebo for Acute Maxillary Sinusitis (Sinus + tooth pain) (2007) //n=113, combination remedy

18.European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Homeopathic gel for redness/rash & lump on the skin due to mosquito bite (1995) //68 people were bitten at least 3 times by mosquitoes. One of the bites was treated with an after-bite gel containing homoeopathic ingredients, another of the bites was treated with a placebo gel, and the third bite remained untreated. The active gel provided results that were significantly superior to the placebo or no treatment.

19. Hals, Nasen und Ohrenärzte

Homeopathy in acute rhino-sinusitis (2007) FULL TEXT // n=144, t=21 days, homeopathic treatment resulted in freedom from complaints in 90.3% of the patients & improvement in a further 8.3%, whereas in placebo group, the complaints remained unchanged or became worse in 88.9% of the patients, p>0.0001, combination remedy sinfrontal

20. Journal de gynécologie, obstétrique et biologie de la reproduction

Treatment of pain in post-partum women who elected not to breastfed with Apis 9c and Bryonia 9c(2001)// n=71, 5 pills twice daily for 10 days

21.Der Kassenarzt

Tonsilotrena for tonsillitis (2006)

22. Arzneimittel-Forschung

“Homoeopathische kombination bel vertigo and nausea”, C.F. Claussen, J. Bergmann. G. Bertora .and E. Claussen, 34 (1984):1791-98. // vertigoheel, combination remedy


23.Zeitschrift für Allgemein Medizin

Bronchiselect for treatment of bronchitis(1997) // n=258, combination remedy

24.Allergologie

Treatment of pollinosis with the homeopathic preparation Galphimia Glauca2c and placebo (1990)// n=243, average t=33 days, odds ratio=2.19 in favour of homeopathy

25.Aktuelle Rheumatologie

‘Rheumaselect’ vs placebo for chronic Rheumatoid poly Arthritis (1991) // combination remedy, n=111, Jadad score=3

26.Journal of Head Trauma and Rehabilitation

Homeopathic treatment of mild traumatic brain injury (1999) // n=60, t=4 months, individualised(1 of 18 ) medicine (super-avogadro), Patients rated improvement of symptoms severity score as 0.40±0.57 in homeop. patients and 0.13±0.39 in placebo patients, a significant improvement in functional assessment in favour of homeopathy

27.American Journal of Therapeutics

Treatment of Psoriasis with Reliéva (2006) // n=200, combination remedy

28.Sleep and Breathing

Combination remedy in management of snoring (1999) FULL TEXT // snore stop, n=90,Rated improvement in homeopathy group was significantly better (35/44) compared to placebo group (21/46) https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0b69JqzK_44bmk3MFg5MXZ3MFpoRldfU1J0bjJfcDI4Y1kw/edit

HOMEOPATHY JOURNALS:

1.Homeopathy

The research evidence base for homeopathy (2003) FULLTEXT // 50 of the 93 studies favours homeopathy in 8 medical conditions: diarrhoea, fibrositis, hayfever, influenza, pain, side-effects of radio- or chemotherapy, sprains and upper respiratory tract infection

Effects of homeopathic treatment on itching of skin (pruritis) in haemo-dialysis patient (2003) // n=20 on dialysis for 6 months, main outcome: >50% reduction in pruritis score, Pruritis score was 38 (+/-33) in hom. treated patients and 57 (+/-39) in placebo group, after 60 days, itching reduced by 49% in 30 days, individualised medicine, OR=3.5,http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14587682

Homeopathic treatment in ICU patients with severe sepsis (2005) FULL TEXT //67 patients given 200c potency of individualised medicine every 12 hours for 180 days, patient survival significantly higher with homeopathy compared to placebo(75.8% vs 50%, p=0.043, OR=3.13

Homeopathic & antibiotic treatment strategies in recurrent acute rhinopharyngitis (2005) // Inflammation of the mucous membranes of nose & throat.In 499 patients homeopathy yielded significantly better results than antibiotics in terms of effectiveness, number of complications and quality of life

Arnica montana 30C for post-tonsillectomy analgesia (2007) FULL TEXT // pain after tonsils removal,n=111, Arnica group had a significantly larger drop in pain score from day 1 to day 14 (28.3) compared to the placebo group (23.8)

Osteo-arthritis before and after homeopathic treatment (2008) FULL TEXT

Chronic Insomnia: Efficiacy of homeopathic simillimum (2010) FULL TEXT //n=30, t=4 weeks, individualised medicine, total number of hours of sleep per week, p<0.05; Severity of Insomnia Index, p<0.0001

Effect of Arnica 30X on muscle soreness in marathon runners (2003)// muscle soreness immediately after a marathon run was lower in the Arnica treated group than in those treated with placebo (p=0.04)

Reproving of Plumbum metallicum 30c: DBRPCT(2005)

2. British Homoeopathic Journal

Efficacy of China rubra 9C for complications in patients on chronic kidney dialysis (1992) // n=35, Statistically significant improvements of weakness, lethargy and headache, Linde Quality=3

Immunoglobin Relationship in Patients with Cirrhosis of the Liver Before and After treatment with Zincum metallicum 5C (1994) // 10 people suffering from Zinc deficiency as determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry showed a substantial improvement in zinc levels

Oscillococcinum in patients with influenza (1998) // n=372, 3 doses per day for 3 days, no spinal pain at 48 hours (p=0.03), no muscle pain at 48 hours (p=0.01), no articulate pain at 48 hours (p=0.009), Significant effect of homeopathy over placebo in duration of influenza (p=0.0257)

Individualised Homeopathy for diseases of the lymph nodes in HIV Stage 2 & 3 infected people (1999) FULL TEXT // n=100, age=18-50 years, p=0.04, Phosphorus, Lycopodium, Pulsatilla, Nux vomica was beneficial (significant difference in CD4 cell count whereas no change in placebo group )for symptomatic HIV sufferers, immunity raised

Belladonna 7C and X-Ray 15C for treatment of radio-therapy induced dermatitis and skin darkening in breast cancer (2000)// n=66, t=10 weeks, Belladonna 3 granules twice daily and X-ray three granules once daily, significant reduction in total severity of skin reaction in the homeopathy group during recovery (p=0.05) compared to placebo, less hyperpigmentation in homeopathy group (p=0.05), significant decrease in skin heat in homeopathy group compared to placebo (p=0.011) Jadad score=4

Individualised Homeopathic treatment of migraine (2000)n=68, Neurologist assessment showed a 60% decrease in attack frequency of treatment group compared to 42% of the placebo, p=0.04, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10703903

Potent placebo or potency?A model using homeopathically prepared pollens 30c in hayfever (1985) // n=39, Jadad score=3

3.Asian Journal of Homeopathy

To investigate the effectiveness of homeopathy in medical primary care in upper and lower respiratory tract complaints, 01 Feb 2008, pp. 3-19

4.American Journal of Homoeopathic Medicine

Homeopathic treatment of dental neuralgia by Arnica and Hypericum., Albertini H, Goldberg W, Sanguy B, Toulza CL., 1985, 3, pp. 126-129. // 60 people received either 4 pilules of Arnica 7C alternated with 4 pilules of Hypericum 15C every 4 hours or placebo administered in the same way. Pain levels were assessed over 3 days from the beginning of the trial. It was found that 12 of the 30 people who received the placebo had a positive response to this intervention, and 23 of the 30 people (76%) given the homeopathic medicines responded positively to these.

others: Central Council for Research in Homeopathy, Govt of India

Clinical research (1979-1992)

Collaborative Research (1988-2007)

CAM JOURNALS

1. Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Arsenicum album 30C and 200 C alters antinuclear antibody (ANA) titre in people living in high-risk arsenic contaminated areas (2006) FULL TEXT // n=69, 26 untreated, 26 on homeopathy and 17 on placebo, correction of arsenic-induced haematological changes such as total count of RBC, WBC, PCV, Hb, ESR and blood sugar level

2. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Individualised Homeopathic treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea (2000) // n=116, t=5 days, replicated study, Nepal,19 different remedies in 30C potency, one dose after every unformed stool for 5 days; 5 most common: Podophyllum, sulphur, Arsenicum album, Calcarea carbonica, Chamomilla , significant effect for duration of diarrhea (p=0.04) and number of daily unformed stools (p=0.02) compared to placebo, Time to normal stools was 3.5 d in homeop. patients and 4.2 d in placebo patients, Jadad score=5 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10784270

Homeopathy vs placebo for menopausal symptoms in stage 1-3 breast cancer patients (2005) // n=55, t= 1 year,at least 3 episodes of hot flushes per day for at least 1 month, significant improvement in quality of life, Jadad score=5, [significant improvement in both homeopathy group compared to placebo, p<0.03 for combination remedy (Hyland’s Menopause) and p=0.02 for individualized homeopathy (35 remedies) (given once or twice a month)], significant improvement in hot flush severity in combination group over placebo (p=0.01), significant improvement in total number of hot flushes in combination group over placebo (p=0.006), OR=3.84

3. Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Homeopathy, sensation of well-being and CD4-levels (1998) FULL TEXT //n=36, Individualised homeopathy improves sensation of well-being, provided evidence of ultra-high dilutions and may affect CD4 levels, Mental (p=0.28) and physical (p=0.002) symptoms were in favour of homeopathy

Effects of the Arnica 30X vs placebo on 1995 Oslo marathon runners (1998) FULL TEXT //// n=71, reduces muscle soreness immediately after the marathon (p=0.017). Severity score after running was 6.27±1.85 in homeop. patients and 7.28±2.48 in placebo patients, Sign level=1+, Arnica 30x 5 pills twice a day for 3 days

Arnica montana 6c & Bellis perennis 30c on post-partum bleeding (2005) // bleeding after delivery, t= 72 hours, Hemoglobin level dropped in control group, but remained stable in the treatment group (statistically significant).

Arnica 30x vs placebo for patients receiving knee ligament reconstruction surgery (2006) // inflammation, n=57,116 on homeopathy and 111 on placebo, p=0.019, Oxford Quality score=5/5

4.Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

Use of Arnica 6x to relieve pain after carpal-tunnel release surgery (2002) // n=37, t= 2 weeks,3 times per day, Oxford Quality score=5/5

5.Alternative Medicine Review

Kali Bromatum 1X, Natrum Bromatum 2x, Nickel Sulfate 3X, Natrum Mur 6X vs placebo for dermatitis of scalp and dandruff (2002) FULL TEXT // n=41, t=10 weeks, Symptom severity score (at 5 weeks) improved 35.2±35.5 % in homeop. patients and 8.4±35.2 % in placebo patients, p=0.03

6.Forschende Komplementarmedizin

Aconitum 30C differs from placebo(2009)

Efficacy of stibium (antimony) 6X on blood coagulation (2009) // n=30, pro-coagulatory effect in bleeding disorder

Efficacy of the Euphorbium compositum-S nasal spray in sinusitis(1994) //n=155, Score for treatment severity was 1.37±0.30 in homeop. patients (n = 53) and 1.44±0.34 in placebo patients (n = 51), Linde quality=5

7.Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde

Euphorbium, Pulsitilla & Luffa for viral infection of respiratory tract, Influenza A virus & rhino virus (2001) FULL TEXT //Euphorbium Compositum

Efficacy of Phyto-Hypophyson L in female for sterility & infrequent mensuration (2000) //A study of 67 women showed 57 percent improvement in fertility. Homeopathic treatment seemed to influence several factors including regulation of the menstrual cycle, regulation of hormones and enhancing ovulation

8. Ärztezeitschrift fuer Naturheilverfahren

Effect of Arnica montana 6 cH on edema, mouth opening and pain in patients submitted to extraction of impacted third molars (2005) FULL TEXT

9.Phytomedicine

Galphimia glauca 4X in treatment of pollinosis (1995) FULL TEXT // n=164, https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0b69JqzK_44cV9FVUw5R3ZpOUJxZ1FkeXVxN1pjWXZkRkQ0/edit

F4. DBRCT (other-than-placebo controlled)

1. Archives of Otolaryngology- Head & Neck Surgery

VertigoHeel Vs conventional treatment of vertigo(1998) FULL TEXT // n=105, Statistical Significant results with homeopathy as well as betahistine HCL

2. British Homeopathic Journal

Efficacy and safety of a homeopathic gel Spiroflor SRL in the treatment of acute low back pain(2001) FULL TEXT //SRL (Symphytum, RhusTox, Ledum Pal) is equally effective as Cremor Capsici Compositus FNA but has better safety profile, n=21, high quality study

3.Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Homeopathic LM potencies Vs Fluoxetine for Depression(2009) FULL TEXT //n=91, individualized homeopathy, 1 drop thrice a week, 20 mg Fluoxetine HCL daily, sign level=1++, Homeopathy not inferior to fluoxetine (Prozac) but had a better safety profile. Higher percentage of patients treated with fluoxetine reported troublesome side effects and there was a trend toward greater treatment interruption for adverse effects in the fluoxetine group compared to homeopathy

4. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Arnica montana 4X for Healing of Wounds After Hallux Valgus (foot) Surgery Compared to Diclofenac 50 mg(2008) //n=88, t= 4 days, Arnica 10 globules 3 times a day for 4 days, Diclofenac 50 mg 3 times a day for 4 days, Both Arnica and Diclofenac therapeutically equivalent in wound irritation (p=0.049), swelling and patient mobility, arnica 60 % cost-effective than diclofenac, Arnica better tolerable in Homeopathy group (intolerance of 244 in homeopathy group compared to 9/44 in Diclofenac group), sign level=1-

VertigoHeel for treatment of Vertigo(2005)// combination remedy for atherosclerosis-related vertigo, n=170, t=6 weeks, control: Ginkgo Biloba, Vertigoheel was not inferior to G. biloba

5. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde

Comparing Luffa compositum-Heel nasal spray with cromolyn sodium spray in the treatment of allergic rhinitis(1999) FULL TEXT //n=146, combination remedy Homeopathic Nasal Spray containing Luffa, Galphimia, Histamine and Sulphur is as efficient and well tolerable as conventional therapy as Cromolyn Sodium

F5. Single-Blind Randomised Placebo Controlled Trial

1. Homeopathy

Individualised Homeopathic treatment of mouth ulcer(2009) FULL TEXT// n=100, t=6 days, two doses, pain intensity and ulcer size significantly lower in homeopathy group compared to placebo, P<0.05

Effects of homeopathic treatment on salivary flow rate in patients with oral drynessof the mouth (2005) // n=28, t=12 weeks, 13/15 patients in homeopathy group experienced a significant relief of xerostomia whereas no such effect was found in the placebo group (0/13). Following this, those on placebo were switched to homeopathic medicine, after which all experienced relief from dryness of the mouth.

F6. Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial

1.International Review of Allergology and Clinical Immunology

Gripp-Heel for prevention of influenza (1999) FULL TEXT //n=124, Increases in antibody responses were higher in homeopathy patients than in placebo patients

F7. RCT (other-than-placebo controlled)

1. Journal of Clinical Oncology

Phase 3 RCT of Calendula compared with trolamine for prevention of dermatitis during radiotherapy for breast cancer (2009) FULL TEXT //n=254, p<0.001, reduction in high energy radiation-induced pain, superior to trolamine https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0b69JqzK_44NVhRVWxnWl93eEVyRWZCN0tGbmcyejRwWDJN/edit

2.Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Calcarea Carbonica 30c, Pulsatilla 30c and Sulfur 30c for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections (2005) // 2 pills for 2 days per week for 12 weeks, n=169. The difference in the median number of days with URTI symptoms was statistically significant with 8 days in the homeopathic group and 13 days in the control group (p = 0.006), Jadad score=5, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16338192

3. Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete

Efficacy of homeopathy in the treatment of chronic low back pain(2002) // RCT, n=43

4. Arzneimittel-Forschung

Comparison of acetylsalicylic acid with Eupatorium perfoliatum 2X in treatment of common cold (1981) //// n=53, Symptom severity score (4d) was 6.1±3.6 in homeop. patients and 6.4±3.6 in standard patients, Linde Quality=2, homeopathy equals conmed

F8. DBPCT

1. Journal of Psychopharmacology

Homeopathic pathogenetic trials produce more specific than non-specific symptoms(2008)

2. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Effect of Nux Vomica 30 and Coffea Cruda 30on polysomnographic sleep of young adults(2010) FULL TEXT // insomnia https://web.archive.org/web/20131204062234/http://www.homeopathyoz.org/downloads/PolysomnographicTestingOfInsomnia-22Mar2010.pdf

3. British Homoeopathic Journal

Arnica, Bryonia & Rhus Tox for fibromyalgia(1986) // n=24, t=3 months,significant improvement in pain (p<0.05) and sleep (p<0.05), Jadad score=3

Stramonium 200c and Hyoscyamus 200c for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(1997) FULL TEXT // n=43, p<0.05, Mean response scores were 1.00 in homeop. patients and 0.35 in placebo patients, Jadad score=2, medicine 6 times a day for upto 5 days

F9. DOUBLE-BLIND STUDIES

1.MicroVascular Research

Micro-circulatory effects of VertigoHeel on vertigo (2005) FULL TEXT // n=32, t=12 weeks

2.British Homoeopathic Journal

Mustard Gas 30 as prophylactic and Rhus Tox 30c for treatment of burns and skin lesions due to mustard gas (1943) http://www.jameslindlibrary.org/illustrating/records/report-on-mustard-gas-experiments-glasgow-and-london/whole_articles

3. Homeopathy

Treatment of hyperactive children (2006) FULL TEXT

F10. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE STUDIES (OBSERVATIONAL/COHORT/PILOT STUDIES)

1. BMC Public Health

Homeopathic medical practice (2005) FULL TEXT // (Chronic) Disease severity (p<0.001) and quality of life demonstrated marked and sustained improvements following homeopathic treatment in 3981 patients for 2 years, Conditions treated were allergic rhinitis in men, headache in women, and atopic dermatitis in children, cohort study

How healthy are chronically ill patients after eight years of homeopathic treatment? (2008) FULL TEXT // 103 swiss and german clinics,73% of 3709 patients followed up for 8 years, p<0.001,quality of life increases, disease severity decreases from 6.2 at baseline to 2.9 at 2 years to 2.2 at 8 years. For children, a reduction from a baseline disease severity of 6.1 to 2.1 at 2 years was noted and then to 1.7 at 8 years.

2.Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing

Viburcol (Chamomilla, Belladonna, Calcarea carbonica, Dulcamara, Plantago major, and Pulsatilla) for treatment of fever (2005) // n=198 in 38 Belgian clinics,febrile symptoms such as fever, cramps, disturbed sleep, difficulty eating or drinking, crying, Viburcol as effective as acetaminophen but better tolerable

Traumeel S ointment for tendon injuries (2005) // n=253, traumeel superior to 1% diclofenac gel

Asclepias vincetoxicum & Sulphur for treatment of upper respiratory infections associated with common cold (2006)

3.The European Journal of Heart Failure

Efficacy of homeopathic Crataegus & Spigelia for mild cardiac insufficiency (2003) FULL TEXT

4.Pediatrics International

Spascupreel for treatment of Gastro-intestinal crampsand spasms in children (2007)// cohort study, n=204, t=1 week, children were given either spascupreel or hyoscine butylbromide, both found equally good

5.Scientific World Journal

Avena Sativa 2X, Passiflora Incarnata 2X, Zincum Valerianicum 4X, Coffea Cruda 12X for treatment of Insomnia (2008)// combination remedy Neurexan vs Valerian, 89 clinics, t=28 days, n=409, less daytime fatigue in homeopathic patients 49% vs 32% in valerian, duration of sleep at 8, 12, 14 days and daytime fatigue (both significantly in favour of homeopathy), SIGN level=2-, http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2008/689282.pdf

Avena Sativa 2X, Passiflora Incarnata 2X, Zincum Valerianicum 4X, Coffea Cruda 12X for treatment of nervousness/restlessness (2009)FULL TEXT // Neurexan (combination remedy), other-than-placebo controlled: Valerian The summary score for nervousness/restlessness was reduced in the Neurexan group by 11.5 ± 7.3 score units. In the valerian group, the summary score was reduced by 9.0 ± 6.6, http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2009/563750.pdf

6.International Journal of Clinical Practice

Gripp-Heel (Aconitum napellus 4X, Bryonia alba 4X, Eupatorium perfoliatum 3X, Lachesis, Phosphorous) for viral infections (2004) FULL TEXT //n=485, 78.1% of people found it effective compared to 52.2% of those using conventional medicine

7.Journal of Hellenic Headache Association

Homeopathic Treatment in patients with migraine (2006)

8.International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Homoeopathic treatment of otitis media (1997) FULL TEXT // n=131, duration of pain of 2 days in homeopathy-group (n=103) & 3 days in conventional (antibiotic, antipyretic, secretolytics) group (n=28). 70.7 % & 56.5% of children receiving homeopathy & conventional respectively did not have another ear infection the next year

9.The Clinical Journal of Pain

Homeopathic Treatment of chronic low back pain (2009) n=129, t=2 years, quality of life improved

10. Oncology Reports

Lung (4 cases) and oesophageal Cancer patients treated with the Banerji protocols: A Best Case Series Program of the National Cancer Institute USA (2008) FULL TEXT // Concluded that there was sufficient evidence of efficacy to support further research into the Banerji protocol

11. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

Role of homoeopathy in ophthalmological conditions (1982) FULL TEXT

12. Geriatrics

Homeopathic Treatment of Elderly Patients (2010) FULL TEXT //severity of complaints (hypertension and sleep disturbances) of 83 patients over 2 years time decrease significantly

13. Experimental Biology and Medicine

in vitro studies shows anti-cancer activity of Gelsimium 2-4c (2008) FULL TEXT // https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zKIz3A9nIfsW0xghfZ9Myd9Xk_YN_PBPTwe6UozgreU/edit

14. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Gripp-Heel (Aconitum 4X, Bryonia 3X, Eupatorium 2X, Lachesis 11X, Phosphorous 4X) for respiratory viral infections (2007) FULL TEXT // in vitro

15. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Individualised Homeopathic treatment of otitis media (2001) //otitis media: inflammation of middle ear, n= 75, 8 different remedies in C30 potency; 4 most commonly used (88%) were Pulsatilla nigrans, Chamomilla, sulphur, Calcarea carbonica; 3-5 pellets 3 times daily, significant decrease in symptoms at 24 and 64 hrs after treatment in favour of homeopathy (P<0.05) compared to placebo, OR=1.84, Jadad score=5

16. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

Homeopathic treatment of patients with psoriasis (2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19192019

17.Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift

Homeopathy in emergency medicine (2005) FULL TEXT // critically ill patients in ICU

18. Ultrastructural Pathology

Canova differentiates monocytes in absence of cytokines(2008) FULL TEXT // combination remedy, in vitro

19. Genetics and Molecular Research

Canova for cancer treatment(2003) FULL TEXT

20. Advanced Therapies

Arnica montana gel in osteoarthritis of the knee (2002)// n=79,significant reduction in pain and stiffness, and a significant improvement in the functional ability of the knee.

21. Arzneimittel-Forschung

Antioxidative, antiproliferative and biochemical effects of Hepeel (Carduus marianus, Cinchona, Lycopodium, Nux moschata, Colocynthis D6, Veratrum album D6, Chelidonium, Phosphorus D6) in HepG2 cells (2003) //in vitro, combination, as well as the effects individually

22. The Lancet

Prophylactic powers of Belladonna against Scarlet Fever (1829)// The proper use of belladonna has, in most cases, prevented infection. Numerous observations have shown that, by the general use of belladonna, epidemics of scarlet fever have actually been arrested. In those few instances where the use of belladonna was insufficient to prevent infection, the disease has been invariably slight.

23. STP Pharma Sciences

Anti-inflammatory action of combination of Urtica Urens 4c and Apis 4c AND Belladonna 4c and Pulsatilla 4c (1999) // combination remedy

24.Dermatology

Individualised Homoeopathic versus conventional therapy for atopic eczema in children (2009) //n= 135, t=1 year, corticosteroid and anti-histamine, Jadad score=1

25. Cases Journal

Exfoliative cheilitis (inflammation of lips) treated with Calendula (2009) FULL TEXT

26. Palliative Medicine

Homeopathic approach to symptom control in the cancer patient (2002)

27.Ear, Nose and Throat disorders

Homeopathic treatment of patients with chronic sinusitis (2009) FULL TEXT

28.Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

Potentised Ethanol for alcohol withdrawl and Potentised morphine for morphine addiction (2003) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12949688

29. Journal of Musculoskeletal Research

Traumeel vs NSAID for inflammation of the epicondyle (2004) FULL TEXT // Traumeel superior to NSAID on variable pain at rest (p<0.01), joint mobility (p<0.01) http://www.heel.com/upload/attachment_62_8028.pdf

HOMEOPATHY JOURNALS

1.Homoeopathic Links

Usefulness of the Homeopathic Medicines in Furunculosis (2010) // Hepar sulphuris, Antimonium crudum, Sulphur and Calcarea carbonica for boils,p=0.0001 in the mean total furunculosis symptom score developed by the CCRH

Efficacy of homeopathic drugs in dermatitis of atopic diathesis (2003) // n=31 people suffering from atopic skin and respiratory symptoms with individualised homeopathic therapy (Arsenicum album, Merc solubilis, Hepar sulph, Arsenicum iod, Antimony tart, Pulsatilla and Calc carb)over a period of 5 years. During a 6 month assessment period following this treatment, the authors determined that 41% of the group with skin and respiratory symptoms achieved not less than a 76% improvement in symptoms.

2. The British Homoeopathic Journal

Potentised Carboneum sulphuratum and Tabacum in Cuban epidemic neuropathy (2001) //

Individualised Homeopathic treatment in women with premenstrual syndrome (2001) FULL TEXT // n=19, 90% of patients who had received homeopathic treatment (200c potency) experienced more than 30% improvement (P=0.048). Only 37.5 % of patients who received placebo experienced a similar improvement, OR=5.5

Treatment for hyperactive children: homeopathy and methylphenidate (ritalin) compared (2001) // ADHD, individualised LM potency, n=114 (3-17 years), t=3.5 months, 86 (75%) responded to homeopathy, 22% responded to methylphenidate, 3% to none of them

Quality of life in patients with headache, receiving homeopathic treatment (2001) FULL TEXT // statistically significant results in favour of homeopathy, n=53, t=4-6 weeks, >60% improvement in 4 weeks

Homeopathic treatment of patients with persistent mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) (2000) FULL TEXT // 50 people with persistent MTBI were treated either with their constitutional homeopathic remedy or placebo. The homeopathic treatment provided superior results to those from the placebo control

Quadruple nosode (Bacillinum, Influenzinu, Pneumococcus and Streptococcus) as a preventive for respiratory infections (1964) // combination remedy

Poliomyelitis and prophylaxis (1950)// In 1950 during an epidemic of poliomyelitis, Dr Taylor Smith of Johannesburg, South Africa protected 82 people with homoeopathic Lathyrus sativus. Of the 82 so immunised, 12 came into direct contact with disease. None were infected.

Evaluation of 2LHERP in preventing recurrences of genital herpes (2000) // nosode, combination remedy 2LHERP=homeopathic RNA+homeopathic viral DNA

Calcarea Fluorata for Cervical Spondylitis (1996) // n=154, t=1 year, clinical improvement in 60.38%,40% in those given medicine other than calc fluor

Sulphur for treatment of Alcohol Withdrawl (1993) //n=30, t=3 months, alcohol withdrawal and delirium, Poland

Staphylococcus 12c decreases immune complexes, increases CD4 lymphocytes in HIV patients (2000)// n=16, case series of 12 infected and 4 healthy persons

Homeopathy in acute otitis media(2001) FULL TEXT // n=230, t=12 hours, 72% of those using homeopathy had significant relief. Resolution rates were 2.4 times faster than in placebo controls. Compared to conventional treatment the homeopathic approach was 14% cheaper

Applicability of Caulophyllum 7C during labour(1993) // n=22, reduces duration of labour by 90 minutes

Individualised Homeopathy in treatment of Fibroid in Uterus (1992) // n=84, t=1-3 years, pain improved in 79% of subjects, abnormal bleeding in 75 % subjects, reduction fibroid volume in majority of cases http://www.homeopathyjournal.net/article/S0007-0785%2805%2980172-3/abstract

3. International Journal of High Dilution Research

Effect of homeopathic medication on the cognitive and motor performance of autistic children (2008) FULL TEXT // autism

Homeopathic treatment of coronary artery disease (2009) FULL TEXT

Homeopathic treatment of Dengue (2008) FULL TEXT

Tongue Analysis (2009) FULL TEXT

Carbon Remedies (2009) FULL TEXT

Nephrotic Syndrome in adults (2009) FULL TEXT //tuberculinum, apis, arsenicum album, etc

Usefulness of 13 homeopathic medicines in the management of acute rhinitis(2010) FULLTEXT // Nux-Vomica, Merc, Belladonna,pre- and post-score assessment as per acute rhinitis symptom score developed by CCRH showed statistically significant improvement, p<0.05

4.Homeopathy

Individualised Homeopathy for treatment of symptoms of oestrogen withdrawal in breast cancer patients (2003) // n=45, Primary symptoms such as hot flushes,Primary symptoms changed from 7.8 to 5.4, and from 7.2 to 4.1 (p<0.001), super-avogardo dilution

An observational study of patients receiving homeopathic treatment (2004) FULL TEXT //improved physical condition & high satisfaction in 782 patients, t= 9 years 2 months, costs less, individualised treatment, allopathy drug discontinued

Effectiveness of homeopathic care in Norway (2005) FULL TEXT // 70% reported improvement in 6 months, Patients using conventional medications reduced them from 39% to 16%

Homeopathy for hyper-sensitivity (2006) FULL TEXT // n=88,24% of 34 treated conventionally experienced an improvement in their condition while 57% of 54 treated with homeopathy experienced similar relief.

Treating hot flushes in menopausal women with homeopathic treatment (2008) FULL TEXT //n=438, Significant reduction in the frequency of hot flushes and significant reduction in daily discomfort.

Homeopathic treatment of allergic rhinitis (2009) FULL TEXT // n=46

Cost-benefit evaluation of homeopathic versus conventional therapy in respiratory diseases (2009) FULL TEXT // treatment by homeopathy costs 50% less, individualised homeopathy

Homeopathic therapy for male infertility (2002) //n=45,t=10.3 months, A total of 26 homoeopathic medicines in LM 18 potency were prescribed, the most common ones were (in order of the number of prescriptions): Natrum muriaticum, Lycopodium, Calcarea carbonicum, Pulsatilla, Phosphous, Silicea, and Thuja. Sperm count and sperm motility were improved by homeopathy and the improvement was comparable with conventional treatment. p=0.011 for sperm density and p=o,o45 for motility. A total of 8 pregnancies occurred in 7 couples, with one having twins

Individualised Homeopathy as an adjunct to usual care for fibromyalgia (2009) //n=47, p<0.01 on Fibromyalgia impact Questionnaire score in favour of homeopathy (7.62 vs 3.63), randomized, OTP controlled, Jadad score=2

Homeopathy in respiratory allergies (2006) FULL TEXT // n=147

Homeopathy for the treatment of menstrual irregularities: a case series (2009)

Homeopathic treatment of radiation-induced itching in breast cancer patients (2004) //21 out of 25 benefitted from individualised homeopathy

Canova in vitro (2009) FULL TEXT

Homeopathy for arthritis (2008)// n=47

Homeopathic treatment of intractable atopic dermatitis (2003) // n=17

Application of 200C potency of bacteria for Leptospirosis epidemic control (2010) FULL TEXT // Conducted by the Finlay Institute, a vaccines producer in Cuba gave 2.308562 million (70% of the target population above the age of 1 year) people in Cuba given two doses (1 dose=5 drops) of 200C potency of Leptospirosis bacteria, each (7-9 days apart) for protection against Leptospirosis (fever+jaundice+ inflammation in kidney+enlargement of spleen) with only 10 reported cases. Dramatic decrease in morbidity within two weeks and zero morbidity of hospitalised patients, non-treated area saw an inrease in number of cases from 309 cases in 2007 to 376 in 2008 representing a 21% increase. cost of homeopathic immunization =1/15th of conmed vaccine. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0b69JqzK_44ODcxYWY0MTAtOGQ1NC00MmUzLWI4NDQtZThjZWUyY2E1ZWRk/edit

5. Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy

Poliomyelitis immunization (1961) // In 1956,Dr H.W. Eisfelder immunized over 6,000 children with this Lathyrus sativus. There were no side effects and no cases of polio reported in the group

6. American Journal of Homoeopathic Medicine

Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases in Children, 2009, 102 (3): 122-129 //n=327, The difference in the mean number of stools and diarrhoea index score (before and after treatment) developed by the CCRH was found to be statistically significant (p=0.0001). Podophyllum, Chamomilla, Aethusa cynapium, Calcarea Carbonica and Mercurius solubilis were found to be most useful, individualised homeopathy

Hahnemann’s Contribution

7. Zeitschrift für Praktischen Medizin

A case of rapidly cured colicodynia, Vol. 3. Part. 1, p. 138-147, 1797

Cure and prevention of scarlet fever, 1801

8.Reichs Anzeiger

On a proposed remedy for hydrophobia, No. 7, 49, 71, 1803.

9.Allgemeine Reichsanzeiger

Treatment of typhus & fever at present prevailing, No. 6, Jan. 1814 // Bryonia and Rhustox.

Treatment of burns, No. 156, 1816

Treatment of purpura miliaris, No. 26, 1821 // blockage of sweat glands

10.Archiv für die homöopathische Heilkunst

Cure and prevention of Asiatic cholera, Vol. 11, part 1, 1831

11.The British Journal of Homoeopathy

Treatment of chronic local disease and of phthisis. Vol. 11, 1853 // Tuberculosis

CAM JOURNALS

1.Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Traumeel for trauma and acute musculo-skeletal injuries (2008)

Homoeopathic versus conventional treatment of children with eczema (2008) // n=118, t=1 year,those children who were treated homeopathically had a greater level of recovery from symptoms than those treated with corticosteroid and anti-histamine, p<0.001, cohort study, Jadad score=1

Homoeopathic Vs conventional treatment strategies in patients with chronic disorders (2005) FULL TEXT // n=493,t= 1 year, chronic disorders such as headache, lower back pain, insomnia, depression, bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis

2. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde

Treatment of rhinitis & sinus with Euphorbium compositum nasal drops (2005) n=739

3. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

NervoHeel N for Nervous Disorders (2007) FULL TEXT //other than-placebo control: Lorazepam

Can Homeopathy Bring Additional Benefits to Thalassemic Patients: Encouraging Results (2010) FULL TEXT // n=38,significant decrease in the serum ferritin and increase in fetal haemoglobin levels in subjects treated with homeopathic remedies in combination with Hydroxyurea. In the 30 patients having enlarged spleen, there was a reduction in size of spleen. There was an increase in the interval period of blood transfusion requirement (ranging between 25 and 75%) in the combined treatment group.

Asenicum Album 30c to combat arsenic poisoning (2005) FULL TEXT // placebo-controlled,n=53, Arsenic concentration in the urine of verum group was significantly lower on 6/11 days

4. The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine

Homeopathy versus conventional treatment in respiratory tract and ear complaints (2001) FULL TEXT // other-than-placebo controlled trial, homeopathic medicine in 30c potency, response rate of 82.6% in homeopathy group compared to 67.3% in conventional group

Homeopathic Treatment for Chronic Disease (2005) FULL TEXT // 70.7% of 6544 patients over 6- year period reported improvement, 50% had major improvement in inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, menopausal problems and migraines. Children had improvements in eczema and asthma.

Tumor (blood cancer) Therapy with Amanita phalloides (2010) FULL TEXT

Immune-modulatory effects of Phase 6 and Flu Terminator (2007)// elicts human immune response in-vitro, combination remedies

5.Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Patient satisfaction & side effects: comparing homeopathy & conventional medicine (2008) FULL TEXT // swiss govt. report, higher patient satisfaction & 3 times fewer side-effects in homeopathy,21% of those treated with homeopathy reported “complete resolution” of the complaint versus 28% of those on conventional therapy and 53% reported “complete satisfaction” with homeopathic treatment versus 40% of those given conventional therapy. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6882/8/52

Homeopathic & conventional treatment for acute respiratory & ear complaints (2007) FULL TEXT // n=1577 from 57 clinics in 8 countries, t-14 days. The onset of improvement within the first 7 days after treatment was significantly faster in those with homeopathic treatment, both in children and adults.

6. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

Cost saving by Homeopathy in atopic and allergic disorders (2002) // n=48, 56%of patients reduced their use of conventional medication following the homeopathic intervention,medication expense reduced by an average of 60%, with an average savings of $24 per patient in the 3-month period following the homeopathic intervention.

Homeopathic treatment of depression and anxiety(1997) // n= 12, t=7 to 80 weeks, 58% of patients responded to homeopathy for anxiety and phobia

7.Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

Homoeopathic treatment of upper respiratory tract infections in children (2010)

8.Forschende Komplementarmedizin

Effect of Coffea Cruda on mood, anger and depression in insomnia patients (2010) //n=59, t=1month

F9. REVIEW ARTICLES (other than systematic reviews)

1. Alternative Medicine Review

A review of homeopathic research in treatment of respiratory allergies (2010) FULL TEXT

2. International Journal of High Dilution Research

Flu pandemics: homeopathic prophylaxis and definition of the epidemic genius (2009) FULL TEXT

20 years of experience with LM potencies (2009) FULL TEXT

Homeopathy: a preventive approach to medicine (2009) FULL TEXT

Repertory based on Baye’s theorm (2010) FULL TEXT

Scientific framework of Homeopathy: Evidence-based Homeopathy (2008) FULL TEXT

3.Evidence-based Complimentary & Alternative Medicine

Immunology and Homeopathy -1 (2005) FULL TEXT

Immunolgy and Homeopathy-2 (2006) FULL TEXT

Immunolgy and Homeopathy-5 (2006) FULL TEXT

Entanglement Theory (2007) FULL TEXT

4. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

Homeopathy had a significant effect beyond placebo (2008) FULL TEXT //(odds ratio= 0.76) with p=0.039 at 95% CI, meta-analysis

5. Homeopathy

Canova in vitro (2009) FULL TEXT

6.Forschende Komplementarmedizin

Real-world Effectiveness, Safety and Cost-Effectiveness of Homeopathy in General Practice(2006) FULL TEXT // Swiss govt commissioned Health Technology Assessment Committee comprising of 10 scientists including 3 homeopaths concluded after 7 years of research: 20 out of 22 systematic reviews having a trend in favour of homeopathy, re-evaluated shang study taking into account external and internal validity and found a truly remarkable result in favour of homeopathy.

J. ANIMAL STUDIES

http://www.carstens-stiftung.de/clinresvet/suche.php // Database of 304 papers. Click “Retreive long version”

http://www.homeopathicvet.org/Veterinary_Research_into_Homeopathy/Veterinary_Papers_Peer_Reviewed_files/Animal%20Studies%20by%20Date%20of%20Publication.pdf

http://hpathy.com/scientific-research/research-in-homoeopathy/3

http://avilian.co.uk/2008/08/scientific-research-and-homeopathy-animal-studies

L1. SIGNIFICANT YEARS OF RESEARCH

1823: World’s first homeopathy Journal (German): Dr. Johann Ernst Stapf’sArchive for the Homoeopathic Medicine

1835: World’s first Double-Blind Randomised Placebo Controlled Trial was conducted by a homeopath physician Johann Jacob Reuter, The Nuremberg salt test

1860: World’s first homeopathy Journal (English):The North American Journal of Homeopathy

1988: The Memory of Unique Water Structures (Dr. Jacques Beneviste)

1991: Potentisation creates molecular clusters in water

1995: Homeopathy is nanopharmacology (Paolo Bellavite, Andread Signorini)

1997: Homeopathic medicines have the capacity to interact with the genetic blueprint (Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh)

1999: Potentisation alters the properties of Water (Elia V, Niccoli M)

2001: Alcohol forms clusters with water (Wisniewski)

2005: Potentisation alters the structure of water (Dr. Rustom Roy)

2007: Succussion creates nano-bubbles and Transient Localised regions

2008: homeopathic medicines have stable and unique molecular structure with recognizable properties (Dr. Rustom Roy)

2009: Potentisation creates specific nano-structures (Dr. Luc Montagnier, Nobel Laureate)

2010: Homeopathic medicine upto 200c retains nano-grams of fine nano-particles of the original starting material (Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay)

L2. RESEARCH BOOKS

1.The Trials of Homeopathy. Michael Emmans Dean. KVC Verlag. 2004 // Trials from 1821-1998,5 prospective trials and 205 controled trials, conclusion: “homeopathy appears mostly as safe as reputed”, “homeopathy does appear to be capable of influencing global outcomes such as well being and co-morbidity”, “economic benefits are noticeable”

2.The Emerging Science of Homeopathy.Complexity, Biodynamics and Nanopharmacology. Paolo Bellavite, Andread Signorini. North Atlantic Books. Berkeley, California. 1995. ISBN 1-55643-384- 0. http://bit.ly/d30Tll

M1. POTENCY SELECTION

Posology Pro

Golden ratio/Fibonacci scale of remedies

Views of different Experts

M2. DISCUSSION FORUMS

Rational Skepticism-1 // TMB

Rational Skepticism-2 // TMB

Phoenix Rising // Mark

Peer-review Vs public scrutiny

SECTION-B

A. GENETIC RESEARCH

Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh in his paper “Potentized homeopathic drugs act through regulation of gene expression: a hypothesis to explain their mechanism and pathways of action in vivo” Com Ther Med. 1997: 5; 43. proposed that homeopathic substances have the capacity to interact with the genetic blueprint and deliver their benefits by increasing the expression of genes that synthesise health promoting proteins i.e. homeopathic medicines activate genes i.e.genes can be turned on and off by use of homeopathic remedies

Dynamized Preparations in cell Culture (2009) FULL TEXT // Carcinosinum200C,Conium,Lycopodiumactivates beneficial gene p53 which provides defense against tumour/cancer

Nux vomica & Calendula have significant effect on gene expression (2010) FULL TEXT

Evaluation of 2LHERP in preventing recurrences of genital herpes (2000) //nosodes, combination remedy, 2LHERP=homeopathic RNA+homeopathic viral DNA

overview:http://www.complementary-medicine.com/NewHomeopathy1.htm

http://www.complementary-medicine.com/NewHomeopathy2.htm

B1. IDENTIFICATION OF HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINES (4techniques)

A.Spectroscopy: It is the study of interaction between matter and radiated energy i.e. how a substance absorbs, emits or scatters electromagnetic radiation

1.Raman Laser Spectroscopy (1976)

In 1976, Boiron and Vinh used Raman Laser Spectroscopy, showing that for the 1C potency of Kali bichromicum the spectrum of alcohol disap-pears completely, while that for potassium bichromate appears. In Kali bich 1C the ratio of the number of potassium bichromate molecules is 1 to 500. In such a case the light meets 500 more alcohol molecules as those of bichromate, yet the alcohol spectrum does not appear.

2. New Magnetic Resonance method by K. Lenger (2006)

Homeopathic Potencies Identified By a New Magnetic Resonance Method published in journal ‘Subtle Energies and Energy Medicine’

Delayed luminescence of high homeopathic potencies on sugar globuli (2008)

3. Ultra-Violet–Visible spectroscopy (2007)

The defining role of structure including epitaxy in the plausibility of homeopathy (2007) FULL TEXT // distinguishes Nux vomica and Natrum muriaticum from one another and within a given medicine, the 6c, 12c, and 30c potencies, distinguishes Natrum Mur, Puls and lachesis at 30c potency

4. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy (2008)

The first NMR spectroscopy in homeopathy was by Boericke GW, Smith RB. Modern aspects of homeopathic research.Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy,1965; 58: 158-167; 1966; 59: 263-272.

NMR spectroscopy on Kalium Bichromium (2008) FULL TEXT // 3C differs from 4C

High dilutions of histamine distinguishable using NMR (2009)

discussion

http://hpathy.com/scientific-research/lionel-milgrom

http://hpathy.com/homeopathyforums/forum_posts.asp?TID=8879

http://forums.hpathy.com/forum_posts.asp?TID=9047

http://www.hpathy.com/homeopathyforums/forum_posts.asp?TID=6908&PN=4

5. Electromagnetic Signatures (2009)

Nanostructures in highly diluted biological samples of bacteria and virus DNA sequence produces electro-magnetic signals (2009) FULL TEXT

B. Thermo-luminescence (2003): The amount of light produced by a sample when it is heated (due to the release of stored energy) can be measured.

Low temperature thermo-luminescence of ultra-high dilutions of lithium chloride & sodium chloride (2003) FULL TEXT

C. Dielectric Dispersion (2010)

Homeopathic medicines when subjected to variable frequency electric field shows dielectric dispersion (2010)

D. Physiological variability in human body (G.D. Jindal et. al., 2004): homeopathic medicines produce change in body temperature by its action on hypothalamus

Software for measuring physiological variability (2008)

discussion

http://homeoresearch.blogspot.com // check research work in left pane

http://h-wave.blogspot.com/2007_12_01_archive.html

http://www.homeopathyworldcommunity.com/profiles/blogs/bhabha-atomic-research-centre

B2. TO DISTINGUISH HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE FROM THE SOLVENT/CONTROL(5 techniques)

1. Bio-Electro-graphy: Dynamic Electrophotonic Capture: Gas Discharge Visualisation (2003)

Gas Discharge Visualization Evaluation of Ultramolecular Doses of Homeopathic Medicines (2003)

2. Fourier Transform Infra Red spectroscopy (2005)

Variation in Fourier transform infrared spectra of homeopathic potencies (2005) FULL TEXT

3. High Voltage Plasma (2008)

Distinguishing Natrum Mur 30 from water by High voltage plasma (2008) // electrical impedance of Natrum Mur 30 c differ from water

4. Transmission Electron Microscopy (2010)

Presence of nanoparticles in homeopathic medicines as detected by TEM while there won’t be any nanoparticles detected in solvent/control because it is a placebo

5. Ultra-Violet Spectroscopy (2011)

Cuprum Sulphuricum 11-30c differs from placebo (2011)

D. COMPARISON WITH CONMED AND PLACEBO

By the end of year 2008, there have been 14 RCT comparing homeopathy to ConMed [ref]

The distribution of studies in a form of a table comparing homeopathy with Con-Med and placebo is shown at https://drnancymalik.wordpress.com/article/research-database-in-homeopathy-2/

D1. HOMEOPATHY SUPERIOR TO CONMED

DBRCT have shown superiority of homeopathy over allopathy in treatment of otitis media, depression, low back pain, upper respiratory tract infection, trauma and musco-skeletal injuries, so can be used as first line of treatment

1.Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing

Viburcol (Chamomilla, Belladonna, Calcarea carbonica, Dulcamara, Plantago major, and Pulsatilla) for treatment of febrile infctions in children(2005) //febrile symptoms such as fever, cramps, disturbed sleep, difficulty eating or drinking, crying=198 in 38 Belgian Clinics, Viburcol as effective as acetaminophen but better tolerable

Traumeel S ointment for tendon injuries (2005) // Traumeel superior to diclofenac gel

2.Scientific World Journal

Avena Sativa 2X, Passiflora Incarnata 2X, Zincum Valerianicum 4X, Coffea Cruda 12X for treatment of Insomnia (2008) // Neurexan superior to valerian

3.International Journal of Clinical Practice

Gripp-Heel (Aconitum napellus 4X, Bryonia alba 4X, Eupatorium perfoliatum 3X, Lachesis, Phosphorous) for viral infections-(2004) FULL TEXT //combination remedy, n=485, 78.1% of people found it effective compared to 52.2% of those using conventional medicine

4. American Journal of Pain Management

Osteo-arthritic Pain: A Comparison of Homeopathy and Paracetamol (1998) // 55% achieved pain relief from homeopathy as compared to 38% from acetaminophen

5.Homeopathy

Homeopathy as an adjunct to usual care for fibromyalgia (2009) FULL TEXT

An observational study of patients receiving homeopathic treatment (2004) FULL TEXT //improved physical condition & high satisfaction, costs less, allopathy drug discontinued

Homeopathy for hyper-sensitivity (2006)

Homeopathic & antibiotic treatment strategies in recurrent acute rhinopharyngitis (2005) // Inflammation of the mucous membranes of nose & throat, homeopathy superior to anti-biotic

Homeopathic and conventional therapies in patients with type-2 diabetic polyneuropathy(2009) //n-61, t= 1 year, p=0.016

6.British Homoeopathic Journal

Efficacy and safety of a homeopathic gel Spiroflor SRL in the treatment of acute low back pain (2001) FULL TEXT // SRL (Symphytum, RhusTox, Ledum Pal) is equally effective as Cremor Capsici Compositus FNA but has better safety profile, Double-blind Randomised Trial with n=21

7.Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Patient satisfaction & side effects: comparing homeopathy & conventional medicine (2008) FULL TEXT // higher patient satisfaction & 3 times fewer side-effects in homeopathy

8.International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Homoeopathic treatment of otitis media (1997) // duration of pain of 2 days in homeopathy-group & 3 days in conventional group. 70.7 % & 56.5% of children receiving homeopathy & conventional respectively did not have another ear infection the next year

9. Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Homeopathic LM potencies Vs Fluoxetine for Depression (2009) FULL TEXT //Homeopathy not inferior to fluoxetine (Prozac) but had a better safety profile,Higher percentage of patients treated with fluoxetine reported troublesome side effects and there was a trend toward greater treatment interruption for adverse effects in the fluoxetine group compared to homeopathy, Double-blind Randomised Trial with n=91

10.Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Homeopathy for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections (2005) Randomised Controlled Trial with n=69. The difference in the median number of days with URTI symptoms was statistically significant with 8 days in the homeopathic group and 13 days in the control group (p = 0.006)

Traumeel for trauma and acute musculo-skeletal injuries (2008)

11.Journal of Clinical Oncology

Phase 3 RCT of Calendula compared with trolamine for prevention of dermatitis during radiotherapy for breast cancer(2009) //n=254, p<0.001, reduction in high energy radition-induced pain, superior to trolamine

D2. HOMEOPATHY COST-EFFECTIVE THAN CONMED

Between 2001-2010, 24 economic evaluations including 13 full economic evaluations done, ref: Hermann P, Poindexter B, Witt CM, Eisenberg D. BMJ Open 2012

The cost of homeopathic medicines are much less than conmed because they are generic, non-patented and non-patentable.

Cost-benefit evaluation of homeopathic versus conventional therapy in respiratory diseases (2009) FULL TEXT // treatment by homeopathy costs 50% less

Homeopathy in acute otitis media (2001) FULL TEXT // n=230, After 12 hours, 72% of those using homoeopathy experienced significant relief of symptoms, which was 2.4 times faster than the response to placebo.Compared to conventional treatment the homeopathic approach was 14% cheaper

Arnica montana 4X for Healing of Wounds After Hallux Valgus Surgery Compared to Diclofenac 50 mg(2008) // n=88, t= 4 days, arnica provided same level of wound irritation reduction but 60% cost-effective than diclofenac

Homeopathic and conventional therapies in patients with type-2 diabetic polyneuropathy(2009) //n-61, t= 1 year, p=0.016

D3. HOMEOPATHY EQUALS CONMED

1.Archives of Otolaryngology- head & Neck Surgery

Homeopathic Vs conventional treatment of vertigo (1998) FULL TEXT //Double Blind Randomised Controlled trial with n=119, Statistical Significant results with homeopathy as well as betahistine

2.The European Journal of Heart Failure

Efficacy of homeopathic Crataegus & Spigelia for mild cardiac insufficiency (2003) FULL TEXT // Crataegus & Spigelia Vs ACE inhibitors/Diuretics

3. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing

Asclepias vincetoxicum & Sulphur for treatment of upper respiratory infections associated with common cold (2006) // homeopathy Vs anti-histamine and anti-inflammatory drugs

4. Biologische Medizin

Vertigoheel Vs Dimenhydrinate for vertigo(2001) FULL TEXT // 88% patient improved compared to 87 % in conventional group

Viburcol for infections due to fever (2002) FULL TEXT // equals paracetamol

5. Der Allgemeinarzt

Zeel (Rhus Tox, Dulcamara, Sanguinara, Arnica) for osteo-arthritis (2003) FULL TEXT // equals COX 2 inhibitors

6. Homeopathy

Placebo effect size same in conventional & homeopathic medicine (2010) FULL TEXT

7. Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Homeopathic & conventional treatment for acute respiratory & ear complaints (2007) FULL TEXT // homeopathy Vs anti-biotics & analgesics for respiratory & ear complaints

8. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde

Comparing Luffa compositum-Heel nasal spray with cromolyn sodium spray in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (1999) FULL TEXT Double-blind Randomised trial with n=146,Homeopathic Nasal Spray containing Luffa, Galphimia, Histamine and Sulphur is as efficient and well tolerable as conventional therapy as Cromolyn Sodium

Treatment of rhinitis & sinus with Euphorbium compositum nasal drops (2005) // Homeopathy Vs xylometazoline, n=379

9. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

NervoHeel N for Nervous Disorders (2007) FULL TEXT

10.Arzneimittel-Forschung

Comparison of acetylsalicylic acid with Eupatorium perfoliatum 2X in treatment of common cold (1981) //RCT

11.Dermatology

Homoeopathic versus conventional therapy for atopic eczema in children(2009)

D4. HOMEOPATHY SUPERIOR TO PLACEBO

1. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

Conclusions on the effectiveness of homeopathy depend on the set of analyzed trials (2008)// FULL TEXT homeopathy had a significant effect beyond placebo (odds ratio= 0.76) with p=0.039 at 95% CI

2. Forschende Komplementarmedizin

Homeopathic patho-genetic trials produce specific symptoms different from placebo (2009) FULL TEXT // homeopathy differs from placebo, n=25

3.Homeopathy

Double-blind Placebo-controlled homeopathic patho-genetic trials (2006) FULL TEXT

The 2005 meta-analysis of homeopathy: the importance of post-publication data (2008) FULL TEXT //Quality of homeopathic Trials is better than of conventional trials for all trials (p=0.03) as well as for smaller trials (p=0.003)

4. British Homoeopathic Journal

Homeopathic treatment in women with premenstrual syndrome (2001) FULL TEXT // 90% of patients who had received homeopathic treatment experienced more than 30% improvement (P=0.048). Only 37.5 % of patients who received placebo experienced a similar improvement, n=20

5.Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Homeopathy, sensation of well-being and CD4-levels (1998) FULL TEXT // individualised homeopathy improves sensation of well-being, provided evidence of ultra-high dilutions and may affect CD4 levels, n=36

Arnica for inflammation after knee surgery (2006) //Double-Blind Randomised Placebo Controlled trial with n=226

6. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Variation in Fourier transform infrared spectra of homeopathic potencies (2005) FULL TEXT // FTIR spectra of Nux Vomica 30c, Lycopodium 30c, Santonin 30c, Cina 30c distinguishes from solvent, sugar globule soaked in homeopathic medicine retains its specific spectral absorption propoerties

Gas Discharge Visualization Evaluation of Ultramolecular Doses of Homeopathic Medicines (2003) // distinguishing homeopathic medicine from solvent using Bio-Electro-graphy: Dynamic Electrophotonic Capture

7. British medical Journal

Clinical Trials of Homeopathy (1991) FULL TEXT // 77% of 105 studies show positive result of homeopathy

8.Journal of Psychosomatic Research

Efficacy of individualised homeopathic treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome (2004) Triple-Blind Study with n=92 Weak but equivocal evidence that the effects of homeopathic medicine are superior to placebo

9. Journal of Clinical Gastro-enterology

homeopathy for post-operative ileus (1997) // E. Ernst, 6 trials, 776 patients (meta-analysis) Statistically significant (p < 0.05) weighted mean difference in favor of homeopathy (compared to placebo)

10. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift

homeopathic Galphimia glauca for hay fever (1997) // meta-analysis of 11 controlled trials: Significant superiority of Galphimia glauca over placebo is demonstrated

E. OUTCOME STUDIES

E1. HOMEOPATHY IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE

Homeopathic medical practice (2005) FULL TEXT // (Chronic) Disease severity and quality of life demonstrated marked and sustained improvements following homeopathic treatment in 3981 patients for 2 years

Disease severity decreases & QoL of life increases following homeopathy treatment (2008) FULL TEXT

http://www.feg.unesp.br/~ojs/index.php/ijhdr/article/view/286/354 (2008)

Treatment of allergic rhinitis with homeopathy (2005)

Homeopathic treatment of allergic rhinitis (2009)

Homeopathic Treatment of chronic low back pain (2009)

Scientific framework of evidence-based homeopathy (2008) FULL TEXT // page 4-5

Homeopathic and conventional therapies in patients with type-2 diabetic polyneuropathy(2009) //n-61, t= 1 year, p=0.016

Improved Clinical Status in Fibromyalgia patients treated with homeopathic remediesVs Placebo (2004) FULL TEXT // significantly greater improvements in tender point count and tender point pain, quality of life, global health and a trend toward less depression compared with those on placebo.

Homeopathic & antibiotic treatment strategies in recurrent acute rhinopharyngitis(2005) //In 499 patients homeopathy yielded significantly better results than antibiotics in terms of effectiveness, number of complications and quality of life

Quality of life in patients with headache, receiving homeopathic treatment(2001) FULL TEXT // statistically significant results in favour of homeopathy

E2. SAFETY PROFILE OF HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINES

1.Forschende Komplementarmedizin

Effectiveness, Safety and Cost-Effectiveness of Homeopathy in General Practice (2006) FULL TEXT

2.British Homoeopathic Journal

Efficacy and safety of a homeopathic gel Spiroflor SRL in the treatment of acute low back pain (2001) FULL TEXT // SRL (Symphytum, RhusTox, Ledum Pal) is equally effective as Cremor Capsici Compositus FNA but has better safety profile, Double-blind Randomised Trial with n=21

3. Evidence-based Complimentary & Alternative Medicine

Homeopathic LM potencies Vs Fluoxetine for Depression (2009) FULL TEXT //Homeopathy not inferior to fluoxetine (Prozac) but had a better safety profile. Higher percentage of patients treated with fluoxetine reported troublesome side effects and there was a trend toward greater treatment interruption for adverse effects in the fluoxetine group compared to homeopathy, Double-blind Randomised Trial with n=91

IMAGES

UPDATE: UPTO THE END OF 2011

164 peer-reviewed papers published between 1950-2011 (inclusive) on RCT in 89 medical conditions

(1) Out of 164, 137 are placebo-controlled & 27 other-than-placebo controlled studies

(2) Out of 164, 71 (43%) papers reported +ve findings, 9 (6%) were negative; 80 (49%) were non-conclusive; 4 (2%) contained non-extractable data.

(3) Out of 137 pacebo-controlled studies, 41 are on individualised homeopathy and 96 on non-individualised homeopathy

(4) In 32 out of 89 disease conditions, there has been replicated research (2 or more RCT). In 22 out of 32 disease conditions, the results of replicated research were statistically significant.

(5) These 22 disease conditions are:

Respiratory: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Influenza, rhinitis, asthma, Common Cold, Otitis Media, Sinusitis

Others: Fibromyalgia, Arsenic toxicity, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Blood coagulation, diarrhea, Depression, Female infertility, Insomnia, Irritable bowel syndrome, Low back pain, Muscle soreness, arthritis, Post-operative bruising, Post-operative pain, Vertigo

For more details go here

Ref:http://www.homeopathyjournal.net/article/S1475-4916(12)00081-1/fulltext

CONCLUSIONS

Research claims to have confirmed the efficacy of homeopathic medicine. Additional support comes from the fact that animals, plants, infants and comatose patients also benefit from homeopathic treatment and it is unlikely that they will react psychologically to a medicine they often do not know they are being given

STILL TO WORK UPON

AYUSH

Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy

Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy-2

HomeoVision

If you have more information to share on research, kindly contact so that we can publish it.

For suggestions, questions and feedback, you can use comment section.

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51 Comments

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  1. srijon chaterjee

    A GREAT JOB I MUST SAY! AUDE SAPERE! —

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dear Srijon
      Many thanks.’Aude Sapere’ means ‘dare to be wise’. Dr. Hahnemann father’s used to tell him ‘Aude Sapere’
      Regards
      Nancy

  2. Chandran Nambiar K C

    Congratulations, Dr. Nancy Malik — You have done a wonderful job, Dr. Nancy. An exhaustive collection source materials for those who are interested to take homeopathy forward. Hearty congratulations!

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dr. Nambiar
      Thank you for your encouraging words. I have read your articles on homeopathy on facebook and scribd.They are quite lively and interactive. You are doing a fabulous work. I will keep on updating this webpage by adding the research work carried out in homeopathy. Keep an eye on it.
      Regards
      Nancy

  3. Dr Prabhat Tandon

    Excellent article.. — an excellent eyeopener article for those opposing homeopathy … check this link too:
    होम्योपैथी -तथ्य एवं भ्रान्तियाँ ” प्रमाणित विज्ञान या केवल मीठी गोलियाँ “( Is Homeopathy a trusted science or a placebo ) : http://drprabhattandon.wordpress.com/2008/08/11/is-homeopathy-trusted-science-or-a-placebo/
    A Vastly Incomplete List of Scientific Research Behind Homeopathy : http://homeopathytorrents.blogspot.com/2009/08/vastly-incomplete-list-of-scientific.html

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dr. Prabhat
      Thanks for your encouragement. I am a fan of your blog and have subscribed to its feed. You have included a vast list of research papers in support of homeopathy medicine. Many Thanks
      Regards
      Nancy

  4. Firuzi Mehta

    Wonderful work! — Wonderful work, Nancy! This will be a very useful tool whenever we homeopaths need to counter the rubbish claims made by skeptics. I shall bookmark it for handy use and shall also add a link to your knol on my website. It must have taken tremendous effort and time to come up with a comprehensive and exhaustive compilation like this. Really commendable!Thank you!Firuzi Mehta

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Hello Dr. Firuzi
      Thank you for a lavish praise. Please feel free to share it with others. Let homeopathy be known to everyone.Yeah, compilation took lot of time, effort and resources but for a greater cause.
      Regards
      Nancy

  5. Anand dharsenda

    How the anti-homeopathy critics have managed to spread misinformation about homeopathy? http://homoeopathyart.blogspot.in/2010/09/how-anti-homeopathy-critics-have.html

  6. Dr Mansoor Ali

    Added to similima — Dear nancy malik As you requested the link added to https://web.archive.org/web/20110903074527/http://www.similima.com/linksresearch.html Keep in touch

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Hello Dr. Mansoor
      Thanks for your efforts. Your site http://www.similima.com is a great one especially for those who wish to pursue M.D. in homeopathy medicine. It’s a resource for research activities. I recommend everyone to visit this wonderful site.
      Regards
      Nancy

  7. dr. devendra Kumar munta

    Congratulations to BARC Scientists and Research officers CCRH,Mumbai and Director general CCRH, NIH, FMHCM,Mangalore for conductiong a huge and effective work on Homeopathy, I feel happy to write this comment. and happy to inform you that I have little acquintance with the medical analyser I have worked with the equipement when I was worked under ccrh in mumbai while working for this project.In this junction I would like to introduce my work on physiological variability. please visit my site. Thanks

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dr. DevendraKumar
      Thanks to everyone who contributed to the development of Homeopathy medicine. Good to know that you have worked on medical analyser. I recommend the work of Dr. Devendra Kumar on physiological variability on human body to everyone by visiting http://homeoresearch.blogspot.in
      Regards
      Nancy

  8. Dr.Ranbir Singh Josan

    Congratulation !! Dr.Nancy Malik — Wonderfull work.I feel we are heading toward better future in Homoeopathy.Days are not for away when modes operandi of Homoeopathic Medicine will be explained in scientafic terminology.

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dr. Ranbir
      Thank You for your appreciation. Let homeopathy keep on curing people. A lot of scientist and engineers in the last couple of years have researched into homeopathy. Sooner or later things will finally take its shape.
      Regards
      Nancy

  9. r weistra

    New website: truth about homeopathy — THERE ARE A NUMBER OF GROUPS with an economic interest in discrediting homeopathy spreading false information about it. This website was created to make sure consumers know the facts about homeopathy:http://www.extraordinarymedicine.org

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Yeah, I am aware of such things. let all homeopaths world wide unite against such evil forces. Thanks for such a wonderful brand new website.
      Regards
      Nancy

  10. Narayana Rao

    Happy to see your knol in top health knols of 2010
    Regards

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Thank you sir for the “Top Viewed Knol Award” for the year 2010.

  11. Debby Bruck

    Magnificent Collection — Dear Nancy. I will definitely use this handy list as a reference and let others know they can back up their talks and presentations with this source material. When anyone says that homeopathy is just placebo or does not work, we can counter that with this type of information. Many thanks for all of your hard workhugs, Debby

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dear Debby
      Thanks for your kind words. Homeopathy medicine has so much to offer to the ailing mankind. May God bless all. I have included the status of homeopathy around the world here at https://drnancymalik.wordpress.com/article/status-of-homeopathy/
      Regards
      Nancy

  12. Silvia

    Impressive work! Congratulations! May I suggest to add the International Journal of High Dilution Research? http://www.feg.unesp.br/ijhdr Revista de Homeopatia (Sao Paulo, Brazil) is currently on its 75th year and included at the National Library of Medicine (Bethesda, USA); all the articles have an abstract and title in English: http://www.aph.org.br/revista Once again, wonderful work! :)

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dear Silvia
      Thank You.
      From two, the number of papers from Int. J. High Dilution Research has been increased to 12.
      Regards

  13. Uta Mittelstadt

    Big LIKE!! Great work!! Thanks for the updated links!
    Many regards

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Thanks Uta. I hope to keep on updating every dead link encountered or reported.

  14. John Harvey

    I’m so impressed with the way you’ve organised this, especially with the key statistical and other information pulled out so that one needn’t even delve into an individual paper to see something interesting going on. Congratulations on doing this; it’s an important step in helping people to realise that the “no evidence” claims quoted in support of suppressing all discussion of homoeopathy are themselves just so much hot air.

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Thank You John. In many of the links, the crux of the paper is included in the title for those who do not have time to delve into details. Evidence for homeopathy is for all to see.

  15. Fournier Denis

    May I suggest a correction about “Significant Dates”:
    First number of Stapf’s “Archiv…” was published in 1822 and not 23.
    I also suggest to translate the name of the magazine (Archiv für die homöopathische Heilkunst) as “Archive for homeopathic healing art”. Hahnemann would endorse…

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Thank You Fournier for your keen observation. Changes would be made in the next edit. Regards

  16. Fournier Denis

    Oh! I forgot the URL (Google Books) to the first publication of the “Archiv” in 1822: http://books.google.ca/books?id=LJUYAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:0QA_3KqcKt_WVylawQ&hl=de&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Fournier, I am grateful for your corrections. Regards

  17. Jake

    Homeopathy is bunk, even when dressed up in scientific terms with cherry-picked, methodologically-flawed studies picked in support of it.

  18. Great Ape Thoughts

    On the off chance that you have missed my recent responce on my blog, which you have debated, I just thought that I would inform you that I have finally managed to look over the data you sent me and would like to start the debate again.

    I would also like to thank you for your patience in my delayed responce. I was dealing with some matters in my personal life and could not take the time to worry about my blog until recently. We can continue this debate on my post about homeopathy.

  19. Thnaks a lot for this wonderful work, I use it very often when people ask if homeopathy is scientifically proven.

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Thank You Nathalie for your appreciation. I am going to give this page a facelift by this year end. Regards

  20. potentised practitioner

    Thank the lord that someone has finally found the time to produce a well organised and comprehensive list of research to help us combat all those negative and clueless souls who keep trying to knock homeopathy down. No doubt some quantum physicist will eventually prove once and for all what we’ve known to be true through our many years as practitioners – that homeopathy is a powerful and highly effective medical treatment for a wide range of health conditions

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Dear Homeopath
      Thanks for your kind words.
      Feel free to quote papers from this page to whosoever demands evidence.
      The next iteration to improve this page will come by the year end.
      Regards

  21. Dr.Anmol Dhawan

    excellent work

    • Dr. Nancy Malik

      Thank You Dr. Anmol. Regards

  22. Dr. Nancy Malik

    You can download the pdf of this article from http://www.wanttoknow.nl/wp-content/uploads/Scientific-Research-in-Homeopathy.pdf
    You can download the PPT of this article from http://www.slideshare.net/raffaavill/scientific-researchinhomeopathy

    A Decade of Research into Homeopathy: 1981-1990 https://drnancymalik.wordpress.com/2014/06/16/homeopathic-research-1981-1990/ The research findings are shown in tabular form. The table contains data such as trial type, patient population, intervention, comparator, condition, outcome, p-value/odds ratio, results, trial quality (Jadad score), peer-reviewed Journal name and the URL link.

    The SPECIAL EDITION of The Homeopathy Times http://paper.li/DrNancyMalik/1320084207?edition_id=8bd20e70-775d-11e3-8008-002590721286 You can download 12 FULL TEXT research papers on homeopathy

    As on 22nd March 2015, Section-A of this article has been updated completely. Section-B is under review. It will be updated soon.

  23. forex Signals software

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  24. vera

    ))))))) thanks soooo much

  25. Dr. Nancy Malik

  26. Dr. Nancy Malik

  27. Ibrahim Pasha

    Hey Dr Nancy. I was researching about a topic on my thesis while working in UAE and I found your this page. Other day we were debating over Homeopathic medicine taken as an alternative instead of mainstream. My family believes a lot in homeopathy, I think that is why i am also declined towards the philosphy and efforts practiced in this field of study.

    I am working on thesis where are debating about taking homeopathic medicine without prescription as an OTC and getting results vs generic prescription medicines which are quite hard to get and often leads to death if medicine is delayed. What are your views about it. You can always email me or we can keep contact on ibrahimpasha63@gmail.com

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